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Stuart Statesmen 1603-1714



While Tudor Kings and Queens had ruled with the help of statesmen and Parliament, the Stuart era saw sweeping changes in the balance of power in Britain. As a result of the Civil War, which was a conflict over power between King and Parliament, the power of the monarch was significantly reduced and thereby the power of the monarch's statesmen. But the first two Stuart monarchs, James I and Charles I, had as much power as their Tudor predecessors and were very much rulers. Below are some of the most important statesmen of the Stuart period.



Cecil

ROBERT CECIL
Earl Of Salisbury
(c.1563-1612)

Chief Minister to James I
(Previously to Elizabeth I)

Carr

ROBERT CARR
Earl Of Somerset
(c.1587-1645)

Chief Advisor to James I

Bacon

FRANCIS BACON
Viscount St Alban
(c.1561-1626)

Lord Chancellor
Attorney General

Villiers

GEORGE VILLIERS
Duke Of Buckingham
(1592-1628)

Chief Advisor to James I
(Assassinated)

Wentworth

THOMAS WENTWORTH
Earl Of Strafford
(1593-1641)

Lord Deputy Of Ireland
Advisor to Charles I
(Executed by Parliament)

Cromwell

OLIVER CROMWELL
Lord Protector
(1599-1658)

Lord Protector 1654-1658
Parliamentarian

Richard Cromwell

RICHARD CROMWELL
Lord Protector
(1626-1712)

Lord Protector 1658-59

Edward Hyde

EDWARD HYDE
Earl Of Clarendon
(1609-1674)

Chief Minister to Charles II
Lord Chancellor
(Died in exile)

Anthony Ashley Cooper

ANTHONY ASHLEY COOPER
Earl Of Shaftesbury
(1621-1683)

Advisor to Oliver Cromwell
Lord Chancellor to Charles II
(Died in exile)

Paulet

GEORGE VILLIERS
(2nd) Duke Of Buckingham
(1628-1687)

Chief Minister to Charles II

John Maitland

JOHN MAITLAND
Duke Of Lauderdale
(1616-1682)

Councillor to Charles I
Councillor to Charles II

Thomas Osbrone

THOMAS OSBORNE
(c.1532-1590)

Duke Of Leeds
(1632-1712)

Advisor to Charles II
Advisor to William and Maryr

Cecil

WILLIAM CAVENDISH
(2nd) Duke Of Devonshire
(1640-1707)

Councillor to Queen Anne
Lord Privy Seal
(Later to James II)

William Cavendish

SIDNEY GODOLPHIN
Earl Of Godolphin
(1645-1712)

Advisor to Charles II, James II,
William III and Mary II
Lord Treasurer to Queen Anne

John Churchill

JOHN CHURCHILL
Duke Of Marlborough
(1650-1722)

Military Commander
Advisor to Queen Anne

Robert Harley

ROBERT HARLEY
Earl of Oxford and Mortimer
(1661-1724)

Advisor to Queen Anne
Lord Treasurer

Crown
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