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WILLIAM III and MARY II

(Reigned 1702-1714)



William III

William III
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Born: 14 November 1650
Place: Binnenhof Palace, Holland
Reigned: 1688-1702
Coronation: 11 April 1689
Father: William II Of Orange (1626-1650)
Mother: Mary Stuart (1631-1660)
Spouse: Mary II (1662-1694)
Children: None
Religion: Protestant
Died: 8 March 1702
Place: Kensington Palace
Buried: Westminster Abbey
Successor: Queen Anne

Queen Mary II

Mary II
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Born: 30 April 1662
Place: St James's Palace
Reigned: 1688-1694
Coronation: 11 April 1689
Father: James II (1633-1701)
Mother: Anne Hyde (1637-1671)
Spouse: William III (1650-1702)
Children: None
Religion: Protestant
Died: 28 December 1694
Place: Kensington Palace
Buried: Westminster Abbey
Successor: Queen Anne



William III and Mary II ruled Britain jointly after deposing King James II in what is known as the Glorious Revolution of 1688. Although Mary was James's daughter, she was a devoted Protestant, as was her husband, William (Prince of Orange), and many Parliamentarians and nobles wanted Mary to be monarch instead of her Roman Catholic father. In the autumn of 1688, after being asked by Parliament to take action against King James, William arrived in England with an army to depose him. James fled the country, abdicated, and Mary was invited to take the throne. However, Mary did not want to rule alone. She felt that her husband should be crowned instead (he was also a grandchild of King Charles I). But as William wanted the crown to pass to the next legitimate heir (which was Mary) and not claim the crown by conquest, a compromise was reached: Mary and William would rule jointly.

In 1690, Mary's father made an attempt to recover the throne, but was heavily defeated at the Battle of the Boyne. James was hurt by what he saw as a betrayal by his two Protestant daughters (his younger daughter Anne also supported his deposition) and disowned them both. Mary was troubled by her estrangement from her father, but felt it was her duty to put her God, country and husband first.


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