Tudors & Stuarts

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Lived: 1457-1509
Reigned: 1485-1509

Elizabeth Of York

Elizabeth Of York
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In an attempt to heal the wounds of the Wars of the Roses, Henry married Elizabeth of York, (the queen on the playing cards), daughter of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville. This union was symbolised by the union of the Lancastrian Red Rose and the Yorkist White Rose in the famous red and white Tudor Rose. Henry's Welsh heritage also helped the Welsh to accept his rule. Wales had been conquered by the English in the reign of Edward I and there was still a lot of resentment.

Henry and Elizabeth had seven (or eight) children, but only four survived to adulthood: Arthur,Henry, Margaret, and Mary. Henry was devastated when Elizabeth died in childbirth in 1503, and never married again. Henry's eldest son and heir, Arthur, died in 1502 at only fifteen years of age, making his younger brother, Henry, the next in line to the throne. In 1503 Margaret married King James IV of Scotland, and it was through their granddaughter, Mary, Queen of Scots, that the Stuart dynasty came to the throne in 1603. Henry's youngest daughter married first the King of France, Louis XII (1514) and then Charles Brandon, Duke of Suffolk (1515). Her granddaughter was the Nine Day Queen, Lady Jane Grey.

Although Henry VII was a hard-working monarch and did much to improve crown finances, he was never a popular monarch. Many of the nobility resented his financial exactments, which took many forms, and his trusted ministers, Edmund Dudley (father of John Dudley, Duke of Northumberland, and grandfather of Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester) and Richard Empson, were executed by Henry VIII in an attempt to please the people.

Henry VII died in 1509 and was succeeded by his second son, Henry, who became King Henry VIII

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