Tudors & Stuarts

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Lived: 1457-1509
Reigned: 1485-1509

King Henry VII

King Henry VII

Born: 28 January 1457
Place: Pembroke Castle, Wales
Reigned: 1485-1509
Coronation: 30 October 1485
Father: Edmund Tudor (c.1430-1456)
Mother: Margaret Beaufort (1443-1509)
Spouse: Elizabeth of York (1466-1503)
Arthur (1486-1502)
Henry (VIII) (1491-1547)
Mary (1496-1533)
Elizabeth (1492-1495)
Edmund (1499-1500)
Edward (may not have existed)
Katherine (1503)
Religion: Roman Catholic
Died: 21 April 1509, Richmond Palace
Buried: Westminster Abbey
Successor: Henry VIII

Henry Tudor, founder of the famous Tudor dynasty, came to the throne after defeating King Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth in 1485. Henry was born in Pembroke Castle, Wales, on 28 January 1457, and was the son of Edmund Tudor, Earl of Richmond, and Margaret Beaufort, daughter of John Beaufort, Duke of Somerset. Of Welsh descent on his father's side, he was descended from Edward III on his mother's side, and his mother played a significant role in his rise to power in 1485.

Battle of Bosworth

The Battle Of Bosworth 1485
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Henry was on the Lancastrian side of the Wars of the Roses, and by the 1470's was the main Lancastrian claimant to the throne. Living in exile abroad, when Richard III became King in 1483, Henry attempted to invade the country and claim the crown, but his ships were dispersed by storms. However, with French support, his invasion attempt in the summer of 1485 was successful, and with his army of hundreds, he met the King's forces at Bosworth field. Richard III was killed in the battle, and Henry was accepted as the new King. Legend has it that Richard's crown was found in a Hawthorn tree.

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