Born: 6 February 1665
Anne Stuart became queen
following the death of her brother-in-law
William III in 1702. She was the younger sister of Mary
II and the second of James
II's daughters to become queen. Like her sister, Anne was raised
a Protestant and supported the deposition of her father. For this her father
disowned her. Anne later fell out with her sister as she felt that
William had taken her place in the line of succession. The two sisters
were never reconciled as Mary died of small pox in 1694.
As a child, Anne suffered from an eye condition and all her adult life was plagued by ill health. When she was crowned queen in 1702 she had to be carried into Westminster Abbey in a chair. In 1683 she had married George Oldenburg, Prince of Denmark, and while the marriage was not always easy, Anne was devoted to her husband. Despite having been pregnant an estimated 18 times, only one of Anne's children survived infancy, Prince William, Duke of Gloucester. Sadly, however, eleven year old William died in 1700 from an illness. When Anne became queen in 1702, she therefore had no heir.
Prince George Of Denmark
In 1707 England (&Wales) and Scotland
were united to form one nation called Great Britain in an Act of Union.
Anne was thus the first monarch to rule Great Britain.